This is part of an ongoing series of experiments that use variations in black materials to create abstract imagery. In this example an abstract video was created by filtering a solid black image through various video compression codexes, which caused the artifacts and distortions that are seen as changing shapes of color. The project also includes a number of drawings using black materials that are based on the patterns that emerge from low quality video. I started working with these ideas while I was living and working in Italy; I was struck by the frustrating cliché of the Italian environment providing a “beautiful” backdrop for artistic creation. In my experience the light and aesthetic of Rome was a caustic distraction, an inconvenient drain on my senses that provided no inspiration, but rather a distinct desire to block it out. I decided to work with all-black composition as a type of antithesis to the corrupt expectation of the Roman studio.